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A simplified design and optimization method of aerospike nozzle contour and the results of tests and numerical simulation of aerospike nozzles are presented. advantages of the aerospike nozzle is the ability to achieve thrust vectoring aerodynamically Figure 1 compares two aerospike-based nozzle designs to their. design strategy. Introduction. A multidisciplinary analytic model of a linear aerospike rocket nozzle has been developed; this model includes predictions.

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The outer boundary angle from the lip of the thruster cowl to the end of the external ramp increases as altitude increases. Through demonstration flight and ground research, NASA’s X program was to have provide the information needed for industry representatives such as Lockheed Martin to decide whether to proceed with the development of a full-scale, commercial RLV program.

The terminology in the literature surrounding this subject is somewhat confused—the term aerospike was originally used for a truncated plug nozzle with a very rough conical taper and some gas injection, forming an “air spike” to help make up for the absence of the plug tail. A minimum length nozzle has the smallest possible throat-to-exit length that is still capable of maintaining uniform supersonic flow at the exit.

Click [X] to switch between the main data entry area Figure-2 and the secondary data entry area Figure Ratio onzzle the chamber deesign Pc to the atmospheric pressure Pa.

It uses carbon composite materials and uses the same basic design for both stages. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aerospike rocket engines.

Aerospike engine

Aerospikw aerospike engine development using a hybrid rocket propellant configuration has been ongoing by members of the Reaction Research Society. Send an image of the screen to the printer. Aerospike nozzle total thrust is computed using the following equations knowing PR and percent truncation. The vehicle also was to have had lightweight components and fuel tanks built to conform to the vehicle’s outer shape.

This design continues to evolve so updated information will appear dwsign results are available. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. In theory this requires an infinitely long spike for best efficiency, but by blowing a small amount of gas out of the center of a shorter truncated spike like base bleed in an artillery shellsomething similar can be achieved.


Aerospike engine – Wikipedia

However, no such engine is in commercial production, although some large-scale aerospikes are in testing phases. It belongs to the class of altitude compensating nozzle engines. Ratio of specific heats g: DalleJames F.

But this rocket design was never launched. Truncated aerospike nozzle base thrust is determined using two curve-fit relationships for computing base thrust. For a minimum length nozzle the maximum expansion angle is equal to one-half the Prandtl-Meyer function for the design exit Mach number.

Rocket Nut’s design uses an untruncated Annular Aerospike ramp as illustrated in Figure The idea behind the aerospike design is that at low altitude the ambient pressure compresses the exhaust against the spike.

However, frequently, a full-length plug nozzle is now called an aerospike.

Ratio of thruster internal exit area Aei to thruster throat area At. Aerospike Engine Results Compared.

Aerospike Nozzle and Minimum Length Nozzle Design

Radius that defines the projected area of the aerospike nozzle Re. The plots in Figure 4 and Figure 5 illustrate the relationship between Patm verses PR and Pb verses Percent Truncation for the computation of base thrust, total thrust and thrust coefficient.

When checked this check box activates base pressure computation for truncated aerospike nozzles where base pressure is included for determination of total aerospike thrust and thrust coefficient.

This plot properly scaled was used as a template. Define the angle the sonic section of the thruster makes with the axis of the aerospike nozzle. Salas and Herbert Dunn and Natalia M.

Annular aerospike designed to producepounds of thrust. The disadvantages of aerospikes seem to be extra weight for the spike, and increased cooling requirements to the extra heated area, the spike. Inclination angle from sonic line: In JuneARCA announced that they would fly their Demonstrator3 rocket to space, using a linear aerospike engine.

Retrieved 30 May Strictly speaking a minimum length nozzle requires a sharp corner at the throat.


Multidisciplinary Approach to Aerospike Nozzle Design

KorteHerbert DunnA. Webarchive template wayback links Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter Articles needing unspecified expert attention Articles needing expert attention from June All articles needing expert attention Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Articles with multiple maintenance issues Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from August Commons category link is on Wikidata All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August This causes the thrust-generating exhaust to begin to expand outside the edge of the bell.

Aerospike generated using AeroSpike 2. Aerospike fabricated from a solid bar of T6 aluminum using a lathe to machine the article using a template generated by AeroSpike 2. Graphically display the outer flow boundary for under expanded flow, over expanded flow and the angle of the outer boundary flow. For the 2-D Minimum Length Nozzle selection the “X” and “Y” coordinates of the nozzle contour represent the horizontal and vertical dimensions that define the 2-D characteristic mesh.

The aerospike nozzles and solid rocket motors were developed and built by the rocket motor division of Cesaroni Technology Incorporatednorth of Toronto, Ontario. A nonlinear computational fluid dynamics code is used to calculate the aerodynamic thrust, and a three-dimensional finite-element model is used to determine the structural response and weight. The engine has a bell-shaped nozzle that has been cut in half, then stretched to form a ring with the half-nozzle now forming the profile of a plug.

This work on aerospike engines continues; Prospector, a ten-chamber aerospike engine, was test-fired June 25, For maximum accuracy simply insert 0.

For pressure ratio, Pc is the thruster chamber pressure and Pa is the local atmospheric pressure. Since this exhaust begins traveling in the “wrong” direction i.