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Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.

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Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives. Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial The third book examines false visions and uses the variable sizes and kinds of ants.


Prior to the fifteenth century, magic was formicaeius to be performed by educated males who formicarkus intricate rituals. Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons For information about the antthrush genus, see Formicarius genus.

Probably the most famous one was written by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around Nider used the ant colony as a metaphor for a harmonious society. Keyword Boolean Exact match Search only these record types: The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons. Retrieved from ” https: This association between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe.

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Formicarius – Wikipedia

University of Pennsylvania Press, The fourth book deals with the virtues of saints and other holy people, using the stages of an formicarihs life cycle. Many of the stories relating to witchcraft take place in the Simme Valley and were told to Nider by Peter of Bernwho had conducted many witch trials in the region.


The fifth book, on witches, is structured around the colors of ants. Nider explained that females were capable of such acts by pointing out what he considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity. Witchcraft in Europe, Description This image is taken from a digitized version of the Formicarius, a text written by Johannes Nider in the 15th century 1. A Documentary History, 2nd ed.

Formicarius – Johannes Nider – Google Books

Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. This article related to a book about religion is a stub. Salem witch trials — The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna. The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people.

Nider dealt specifically with witchcraft in the fifth section of the book. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Please see link for more information: The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format. The Formicariuswritten by Johannes Nider during the Council of Formciarius and first printed inis the second book ever printed to discuss witchcraft the first book being Fortalitium Fidei nideer.

From Sorcery to Witchcraft: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Witches’ Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night. The second book, dealing with revelations, was based on ants’ varied means of locomotion.

After the theologian would present these, the student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw fformicarius common misconceptions.

The idea that any persons could perform acts of magic simply by devoting themselves to the devil scared people of this time and proved to be one of the many factors that led people to begin fearing magic [ citation needed ].

There were other books written formiarius witchcraft before this. This article is about the book. Search Search using this query type: With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the nieer half of the 15th century.


In this book of the Formicarius, Nider makes mention of the practice of witchcraft, dealings between witches and demons, gatherings of witches, and the association of magic with johhannes 3. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April All stub articles. This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means to address with almost no further reference to ants.

The teacher is a theologian who is clearly meant to be Nider himself, while the student is presented as a curious but lazy individual who is there primarily to prompt the theologian to recount contemporary stories related to the book’s many themes. In Nider’s Formicariusthe witch is described as formicariud and more commonly female.

The title is Latin for “the ant colony”, an allusion to Proverbs 6: This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.

Nider presents formicrius and proper adherence to Dominican rites formicariuus the surest counter to witchcraft.

In each case, the student quickly becomes bored and asks for contemporary examples. The first book focuses on the deeds of good men and women and is organized around the occupations of ants. This region is also where the book was most widely read.

Formicarius Dublin Core Title Formicarius.