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According to Louis Massignon Al-Hallaj was born around AD in Tur a small town of Bayda district, in the center of the southern Iran,which. Abridged from the four-volume The Passion of al-Hallaj, one of the major Louis Massignon (), France’s most celebrated Islamic specialist in this. Louis Massignon (25 July – 31 October ) was a Catholic scholar of Islam and a . Louis Gardet, his friend and colleague, assisted in the posthumous edition of Louis Massignon’s work La passion de Hussayn Ibn Mansûr an-Hallâj.

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Mansur Al-Hallaj – Wikipedia

Log In Sign Up. Louis Massignon, The Passion of al-Hallaj: Mystic and Martyr of Islam, abridged edition, ed. Only at the end of the book does Karamustafa suggest the possibility of economic factors behind this phenomenon, but in his view, “[t]he question is highly intriguing, yet the absence of a critical mass maesignon scholarly work on the economic history of Islamdom during the period in question makes it difficult if not impossible to answer” p.

Existing scholarship, however, warrants at least an attempt to look into luis matter.

Karamustafa states that the spread of institutional Sufism was, in the case of the Fertile Crescent, hallah in motion” by the Seljuks p. Halpaj might infer maszignon this the existence of a nearly two-century decalage between the spread of institutional Sufism and the “prolifera- tion” of the “socially deviant” dervish groups.

This is a simplistic answer to a more intricate question raised by a key passage in Ghazali’s d. In this passage, Ghazali deplores that, in his time, Sufism tasawwuf has become obliterated altogether inmahaqa biDl-kulliyyah wa bat- ula because the majority of its adherents are idle youth who roam like stray animals and who dislike learning a craft, preferring instead to wear rags and to engage in begging and mendicancy as a way of life al-Ghazali, IhyaD culum al-din [Cairo, ], 2: Here, the prominent 11th-century author deplores the fact that, almost two centuries before the Mongol invasions and right in the midst of the Seljukid period, Sufi ribats and khanqdhs terms used by Ghazali have been taken over by wandering and mendicant dervishes.


To conclude, I believe that informed readers will find God’s Unruly Friends interesting, massiggnon its shortcomings. However, the quality of this uallaj could have been enriched had the author made use of existing scholarship on the social and economic history of the loyis Middle East. Princeton Uni- versity Press, Massignon’s work raises questions about the name and nature of scholarship in general.

On the one hand, his breathtaking erudi- tion and sensitivity are lauded and admired universally; on the other, his “existential” presup- positions are frequently singled out as the major flaw in his oeuvre—because of which his writings may not be considered scholarly, scientific, objective.

The effect of this on his con- tribution is incalculable. From this point of view, the works on Hallaj, rather than illuminat- ing the subject, constitute something of a church wall inside which the subject is imprisoned.

The fact remains, however, that Massignon’s work has made Hallaj one of the five or six most recognizable Muslim names by the general Western audience, after Muhammad, Harun al-Rashid, maybe Ghazali, “Saladin,” and Omar Khayyam. It is therefore a good thing that Princeton University Press has brought out a work that will “render more accessible to the non-specialist reader the dramatic life and radical thought of this extraordinary 10th-century Muslim mystic” p.

The famous four-volume study was abridged by its English transla- tor, a student and friend of Massignon himself, Professor Herbert Mason. But the result is really less an abridgement of the four volumes than a pre’cis of volume one, with some inter- mittent material from volume two, and we are warned about this in Mason’s foreword. In the process of “fleshing out” Hallaj, Massignon also lousi us an intimate view of the center of the Islamic world in one of its most crucial periods and places—9th- and 10th- century Baghdad—and the formulation of the official Sunni creed against a background of many competing maxsignon of Islam.

The drama and fervency of this certainly comes through even in the loius abridgement. Whether ultimately it will be a satisfying experience for the general reader is another question.


It was an editorial mistake to forgo a glossary and index and at least some basic bibliograph- ical references and brief explanatory footnotes.

There is also inconsistency in the dates: Although this should pose no real problem for those familiar with the two calendars, I am taking seriously the above- quoted statement that this book is also aimed at a non-specialist readership, perhaps one in- terested in comparative religion and mysticism. There are also scores of Arabic technical words, and sometimes whole phrases are transliterated without accompanying translation.

Louis Massignon – Wikipedia

The fol- lowing example by no means unusual from page 91 illustrates many of these criticisms: Next, concerning the motive: In addition to translations for the transliterated phrases—which will certainly weary the “non-specialist”—answers to the questions, What is an cAlid?

What is a Rawandite daci?

None of these reasonable “elementary” ques- tions is answered in this book. The specialist will prefer using volume one of the four-volume set; others will have to wait for a proper introduction to Hallaaj and Hallaj. Smithsonian Institution Press, Parker and Neal’s book documents the most distinctive aspect of this phenomenon as it is interpreted in the Egyptian cultural milieu: The authors are a photographer-writer team who have collaborated in the publication of a series hallqj books on folk-art traditions in the Americas.

Louis Massignon

During the s, they made repeated visits to Egypt, where they scoured cities, towns, and villages in search of Hajj paintings and interviewed muralists to gather the materials upon which this book is based. The result is a beautifully executed pictorial volume, accompanied by clearly written text aimed at a general http: Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in: